bosnia report
No. 13 January - 1996
 
III. Territorial Provisions
by Signed in Paris on 14 December 1995

III. Territorial Provisions15
(Annex 2)

The Accords are to shift confrontation lines between the forces of the Parties (here, the RBH, FBH, RS) and transform them into inter-Entity boundaries. Fifty-one percent of the territory of the RBH is to be allotted to the FBH. The remaining 49% is to be allotted to the RS. This would represent a net surrender to the Serbian forces of territory currently held by the Army of Bosnia-Herzegovina (ABH) and the Croat National Council (HVO). The FBH is to cede control to the RS over territory primarily in western Bosnia - including Mrkonjic Grad, thus cutting the main road between Bihac and central BH. The RS is to cede control to the FBH over limited territories in and around Sarajevo 16 and a corridor approximately five km wide between Sarajevo and Gorazde. The RS is to retain the UN-declared 'safe areas' of Srebrenica and Zepa. The Entities may mutually agree to further territorial changes or exchanges.

Control over the 'Brcko area' is to be determined by binding arbitration. Within six months of the signing of the Accords, the FBH and the RS are each to appoint an arbitrator. Within 30 days thereafter, they are to agree to a third arbitrator, or the International Court of Justice is to appoint one. The final arbitration is to be concluded within one year of the signing of the Accords. The Accords do not provide any measures to ensure implementation of, or compliance with, the arbitration decision.

Marshall Freeman Harris & Stephen Walker
The Balkan Institute, Washinton · 22 December 1995

Footnotes

  1. On 12 November the Croatian government aÌÌÌÌÌÌÌÌ´nd representatives of the Serbian forces occupying eastern Slavonia signed an accord to return the region to Croatian control. The accord calls for the UN Security Council to establish a 'Transitional Administration', backed by international forces to govern the region for one year. The transition period may be extended to two years at the request of either party. The region is to be demilitarized within 30 days of the deployment of international forces. The right of ethnic Serb citizens of Croatia to continue to live in the region is to be guaranteed. The approximately 100,000 ethnic Hungarians and Croats who survived Serbian purges in 1991 are to be allowed to return to their homes or receive compensation.
  2. The Accords do not specify how Sarajevo is to be organized or administered.

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