bosnia report
No. 7 November - 1994
 
UNPA Zones in Croatia Join Attack on Bihac

Contrary to the widespread belief fostered by the British media, the United Nations Protected Area in Croatia does not harbour all, or even a majority of the original population of 560,000 Croatian Serbs. According to a well-informed source writing in the October 1994 issue of the Independent Zagreb journal Erasmus, of those original 560,000, 200,000 live outside the UNPA on the free territory of Croatia, while 160-180,000 have left Croatia altogether, leaving only about 160,000 (30%) in the occupied (UNPA) zones. Meanwhile, none of the Croats or other non-Serbs expelled from these territories has been allowed to return, after almost three years of UN presence. At the same time, the UN has done nothing to prevent the UNPA from becoming a heavily fortified military outpost of Serbia.

The total military force in the UNPA amounts to 38,000 men, organised in six operational zones: East Slavonia, West Slavonia, Banija, Kordun, Lika and Knin, equipped with hardware that is far superior to anything possessed by the Bosnian Armed Forces. If one bears in mind that a third of this force consists of soldiers drafted in Serbia and Montenegro; that it includes 'White Eagle' units, notorious for their role in 'ethnic cleansing' operations, that not a single of its commanding officers is locally born, and that it has been used from the start of the war for military operations in Bosnia as well as in Croatia: then it becomes clear that the UNPA, formally set up to protect 'the Serbs', in reality represents little more than a bastion of armed aggression against Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Its current role in the assault on Bihac is emblematic in this respect.

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