bosnia report
No. 12 September - December 1995
 
The US Peace Initiative
by Statement of the Serb Civic Council of Bosnia-Herzegovina

  1. The Serb Civic Council (SCC) takes this opportunity to stress once again its deep commitment to a political solution as the only possible path towards peace. Peace is in the interest of all peoples and citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  2. SCC welcomes the growing engagement of the USA in the peace process and hopes that this will continue. The US peace initiative represents a great opportunity to end the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina and achieve a just peace.
  3. SCC wishes to stress the responsibility of the international community - especially the Contact Group countries - and of political leaders in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia for the outcome of this initiative and the whole peace process. In this context we stress the necessity for these three countries to recognize each other.
  4. We accept this peace initiative as a new step forward and an encouragement towards the ultimate acceptance and implementation of the Contact Group plan. Peace can be achieved only on the basis of the following well-known principles:

    1. preservation of a democratic, internationally-recognized and sovereign Bosnia-Herzegovina;
    2. equality of all the peoples and citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina, with full guarantees of civic freedoms and respect for human rights in line with the highest international standards;
    3. full implementation of the right of all displaced and expelled citizens to return to their homes;
    4. responsibility for a speedy reconstruction and development of Bosnia- Herzegovina;
    5. punishment of all war criminals.

  5. The future constitutional arrangement must be constructed so as to empower the highest organs of the state with the responsibility for carrying out all tasks embodying its international-legal subjectivity, thus allowing Bosnia-Herzegovina to beÌÌÌÌÌÌÌÌìcome a stable and prosperous state. In order for this to be achieved, the peace plan must contain the necessary legal-constitutional principles.
  6. SCC believes that Bosnia-Herzegovina must be organized as a complex state incorporating the highest level of human rights. Its future arrangement must be based on political pluralism, parliamentary democracy, a high degree of local self-government and consensual decision-making on all vital questions, in order to avoid the subordination of any one of its peoples.
  7. If the peace settlement is to involve the possibility of a confederal or any other form of association with other states, then this must be the sole decision of the state of Bosnia-Herzegovina as the only internationally recognized political subject.
  8. SCC supports any solution in the peace plan that would safeguard the multinational and multicultural identity and territorial integrity of Sarajevo. A partition of Sarajevo along ethnic lines would be detrimental to the fate of both the city and the state of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  9. Representatives of the SCC, and those citizens of Serb nationality now living in exile or in areas under the Pale regime's control who accept the international community's peace plan, must participate in the peace negotiations.

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