bosnia report
New Series No:32-34 December - July 2003
 
Bosnia-Herzegovina - General Elections 2002 - Certified Results

On 5 October 2002 general elections in B-H - for the first time organized not under OSCE supervision, but by the country’s own Electoral Commission - were held without incident, but with a low turnout of around 54% (compared with 64.4% in October 2000: see Bosnia Report 19/20).

The SDA, SBiH, HDZ, SDS, SNSD were the main victors (although the HDZ and SDS shares of the vote did fall), while the SDP and PDP were the main losers. SDA candidate Sulejman Tihić narrowly defeated SBiH’s Haris Silajdžić to become the Bosniak member of the B-H presidency, while SDS’s Mirko Š arović and HDZ’s Dragan Čović easily secured the posts of Serb and Croat presidency member respectively. SDS’s Dragan Čavić equally easily won the race for the position of RS president.

Initial results suggested that only four parties would be represented in the FB-H assembly and five in the RS assembly, with the same parties providing representatives to the B-H state parliament (now elected directly, whereas previously they have been selected by the entity assemblies). No other party reached the 3% electoral threshold in any one of five constituencies into which the Federation electorate was now divided, let alone in either entity or in B-H as a whole.

The electoral commission ruled, however, on the basis of the democratically flawed and ambiguous new electoral law in force for these elections, that a further fourteen parties should be given ‘compensatory’ seats in the FB-H assembly (making eighteen parties in all in a 98-member house), a further ten in the RS assembly (making fifteen in all in an 83-member house), and an additional seven in the B-H assembly (making sixteen parties in all in a 42-member house) - with similar over-representation of tiny parties in the ten cantonal assemblies in the Federation.

The consequence of this procedure has been that electoral success or failure is not adequately reflected in the distribution of seats, and that the possibilities for forming unnatural and unstable coalitions are almost unlimited (with a post-election split in the SDP further exacerbating these problems).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presidency of Bosnia-Herzegovina

 

Bosniak Member

Tihić, Sulejman SDA 37.29%

Silajdžić, Haris SBiH 34.79%

Behmen Alija SDP 17.51%

Croat Member

Čović, Dragan HDZ/DK/HNZ 61.52%

Ivanković-Lijanović, Mladen EB 17.40%

Kljuić, Stjepan RS 5.05%

Serb Member

Šarović, Mirko SDS 35.52%

Radmanović, Nebojša SNSD 19.93%

Tadić, Ognjen - SRS 8.72%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B-H Parliamentary Assembly (House of Representatives) (42 members)

 

- from FB-H (28)

Party Elected seats Compensatory seats Total % (2000)

SDA 9 0 9 32.40 (27.0)

SBiH 3 2 5 16.19 (15.6)

HDZ/HKDU 4 1 5 15.93 (19.3*)

SDP 4 0 4 15.65 (27.3)

BOSS 0 1 1 2.57

SP 0 1 1 2.45

DNZ 1 0 1 2.29

HDU 0 1 1 2.24

NHI 0 1 1 1.93

 

- from RS (14)

SDS 5 0 5 33.71 (39.7)

SNSD 3 0 3 22.39 (10.6*)

PDP 0 2 2 10.39 (15.2)

SDA 1 0 1 7.25

SRS 0 1 1 4.80

SPRS 0 1 1 4.32

SBiH 0 1 1 3.90

 

* 2000 figures not exactly comparable, since these parties then ran in tandem with smaller partners

 

 

 

 

 

B-H Parliamentary Assembly (House of Peoples) (15 members)

- from FB-H

5 Bosniaks and 5 Croats from within Federation, selected by House of Peoples of FB-H

- from RS

5 Serbs from within RS, selected by National Assembly of BS

 

 

 

 

 

Federation Parliament (House of Representatives) (98 members)

 

Party Elected seats Compensatory seats Total % (2000)

SDA 28 4 32 32.71 (26.8)

HDZ/DK/HNZ 15 1 16 15.76 (17.5*)

SDP 13 2 15 15.55 (26.1)

SBiH 13 2 15 15.30 (14.9)

BOSS 1 2 3 2.81

SP 0 2 2 2.31

DNZ 2 0 2 2.28

EB 0 2 2 1.97

NHI 1 1 2 1.95

BPS 0 1 1 1.36

HSS 0 1 1 0.88

LDS 0 1 1 0.81

HKDU 0 1 1 0.79

SNSD 0 1 1 0.72

HSP 0 1 1 0.61

GDS 0 1 1 0.56

HPB 0 1 1 0.54

PNS/SM 0 1 1 0.52

 

* 2000 figure not exactly comparable, since HDZ then ran alone

 

 

 

Federation Parliament (House of Peoples) (80 members: 30 Bosniaks, 30 Croats, 20 Others from within Federation, delegated by cantonal assemblies, voting as a whole, according to quota system determined by OSCE and adopted by B-H Electoral Commission)

Canton 1 9 members - 4 B, 3 C, 2 O

Canton 2 3 members - 2 C, 1 O

Canton 3 14 members - 7 B, 4 C, 3 O

Canton 4 13 members - 5 B, 5 C, 3 O

Canton 5 3 members - 1 B, 1 C, 1 O

Canton 6 10 members - 4 B, 4 C, 2 O

Canton 7 9 members - 4 B, 4 C, 1 O

Canton 8 3 members - 3 C

Canton 9 13 members - 5 B, 2 C, 6 O

Canton 10 3 members - 2 C, 1 O

 

 

 

 

 

Canton 1 - Unsko-Sanski (30 seats)

Party Elected seats %

SDA 14 40.55

DNZ 7 19.44

SBiH 5 15.42

SDP 4 11.54

 

Canton 2 - Posavski (21 seats)

HDZ/DK/HNZ 10 45.34

SDP 3 13.19

NHI 3 12.20

SDA 2 9.81

HSS 1 6.41

HSP 1 4.29

SBiH 1 3.18

 

Canton 3 - Tuzlansko-Podrinjski (35 seats)

SDA 16 38.64

SDP 11 27.44

SBiH 6 13.40

BOSS 2 5.11

 

Canton 4 - Zeničko-Dobojski (35 seats)

SDA 20 47.52

SBiH 6 14.92

SDP 6 14.74

HDZ/DK/HNZ 2 6.07

SP 1 3.07

 

Canton 5 - Bosansko-Podrinjski (25 seats)

SDA 12 43.25

SBiH 8 27.16

SDP 5 16.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canton 6 - Srednjo-Bosanski (30 seats)

SDA 10 30.03

HDZ/DK/HNZ 10 27.68

SBiH 5 14.25

SDP 3 9.65

NHI 2 5.45

 

Canton 7 - Hercegovačko-Neretvanski (30 seats)

HDZ/DK/HNZ 15 42.36

SDA 7 20.04

SBiH 5 13.59

SDP 3 7.08

 

Canton 8 - Zapadno-Hercegovački (23 seats)

HDZ/DK/HNZ 18 68.32

NSRB 2 7.45

HSP 1 5.56

HPB 1 5.55

HKDU 1 5.43

 

Canton 9 - Sarajevski (35 seats)

SDA 15 34.89

SBiH 10 22.94

SDP 10 21.84

 

Canton 10 - Livanjski (25 seats)

HDZ/DK/HNZ 13 47.13

SNSD 3 10.00

SDA 2 6.70

HKDU 2 6.64

NSRB 2 6.21

HSP 1 3.51

SBiH 1 3.45

SDP 1 3.15

 

 

 

 

 

RS President/ Vice-president

 

President

Čavić, Dragan (SDS) 35.89%

Jelić, Milan (SNSD) 22.07%

Mikerević, Dragan (PDP) 7.83%

 

Vice-presidents

Osmanović, Adil (SDA) 6.69%

Tomljenović, Ivan (SDP) 0.79%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RS National Assembly (83 members)

 

Party Elected seats Compensatory seats Total % (2000)

SDS 22 4 26 31.19 (36.1)

SNSD 15 4 19 21.79 (13.0)

PDP 8 1 9 10.73 (13.3)

SDA 4 2 6 7.10

SRS 4 0 4 4.39

SPRS 3 0 3 4.21

DNS 2 1 3 3.99

SBiH 2 2 4 3.65

SDP 2 1 3 3.38

PS 0 1 1 1.77

SNP 0 1 1 1.26

SNS 0 1 1 0.98

DPS 0 1 1 0.93

DS 0 1 1 0.85

NHI 0 1 1 0.61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key

BOSS Bosanska Stranka

BPS Bosanskohercegovačka Patriotska Stranka

DK Demokrščani

DNS Demokratski Narodni Savez RS

DNZ Demokratska Narodna Zajednica BiH

DPS Demokratsko-Patriotska Stranka - Predrag Radić

DS Demokratska Stranka RS

EB Ekonomski Blok (HDU/NSRB)

GDS Građanska Demokratska Stranka BiH

HDU Hrvatska Demokratska Unija

HDZ Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica BiH

HKDU Hrvatska Krščanska Demokratska Unija BiH

HNZ Hrvatska Narodna Zajednica

HPB Hrvatska Pravaški Blok

HSP Hrvatska Stranka Prava

HSS Hrvatska Seljačka Stranka BiH

LDS Liberalno-Demokratska Stranka BiH

NHI Nova Hrvatska Inicijativa

NSRB Narodna Stranka ‘Radom za Boljitak’

PDP Partija Demokratskog Progresa RS - Mladen Ivanić

PNS/SM Pro-Europska Narodna Stranka/Stranka Mladih BiH

PS Penzionerska Stranka RS

RS Republikanska Stranka BiH

SBiH Stranka za BiH

SDA Stranka Demokratske Akcije

SDP Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati

SDS Srpska Demokratska Stranka

SNP Savez Narodnog Preporoda - Milorad Banjac

SNS Srpski Narodni Savez

SNSD Stranka Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata - Milorad Dodik

SP Stranka Penzionera Umirovljenika BiH

SPRS Socijalistička Partija RS

SRS Srpska Radikalna Stranka RS

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